What is a biodegradable bag

What is a biodegradable bag

Time:2021-10-23

Why are there biodegradable bags?

Ordinary Plastic is a synthetic organic polymer made from petroleum. With the widespread use of plastic products, The global annual output of plastic is about 400 million tons, the problem of plastic pollution has become increasingly serious. Plastic pollution threatens food safety and quality, human health, coastal tourism, and contributes to climate change. There is an urgent need to explore and develop new products to replace the problem of disposable plastic pollution.

What is a biodegradable bag

Implementation of the ban on plastics?

Biodegradable plastic is being utilized around the world due to the restrictions of the plastic ban. Biodegradable plastic initiatives have been slow to catch on, but are now being captured by leading economies of the world.

China’s “waste ban” is an opportunity for the world to re-understand plastic waste. More and more countries have taken action on plastic pollution. According to incomplete statistics, 15 countries/regions have successively issued “plastic bans.”

Hainan Province, China: Implemented in 2020

Before the end of 2020, the province will completely ban the production, sale, and use of disposable non-degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware;

Taiwan, China: Implemented in 2018

Taiwan announced one of the world’s widest plastic bans, restricting the use of disposable plastic bags, straws, cutlery, and cups.

New Zealand: Implemented on July 1, 2019

Regardless of the size of the supermarket, disposable plastic shopping bags will be completely banned; fines will be imposed for those who violate the regulations and the persuasion is invalid.

South Korea: Implemented on January 1, 2019

More than 2,000 hypermarkets in South Korea will completely ban disposable plastic bags. In addition to plastic bags that must be used for fish and meat, relevant hypermarkets and supermarkets will be fined if they are found to use disposable plastic bags.

New York State, U.S.: Implemented in January 2019

According to the US “Qiao Bao” report, the governor of New York plans to implement a ban on plastic bags throughout the state.

Hoboken has already imposed a plastic ban. Shoprite and other supermarkets sell plastic bags for 10 cents apiece.

What is a biodegradable bag

Chile: Implemented on February 3, 2019

On August 3, 2018, Chile officially promulgated the “Plastic Ban Law”. The “Plastics Ban Law” stipulates that from February 3, 2019, all supermarkets and shopping malls shall no longer provide free or charged plastic bags to shoppers. Every merchant who illegally provides plastic bags will be fined up to US$370; starting from August 3, 2020, Chile will “ban plastics.”

France: implemented in 2020

France has banned disposable plastic bags with a thickness of fewer than 50 microns since 2016. In addition, the French government began to completely ban pure plastic disposable tableware in 2020, replacing it with degradable bags and compostable bags, becoming the first country to announce a total ban on plastic cups, plates, and tableware.

EU member states: implemented in 2021

The EU will ban the production and sale of disposable tableware, cotton swabs, straws, and other disposable plastic products. These products will be replaced by paper, straw, or reusable hard plastics.

Australia: Implemented on July 1, 2018

The Australian states of Queensland and Western Australia prohibit retailers from providing customers with disposable ultra-thin plastic bags. Since then, only New South Wales in the eight administrative regions of Australia has not implemented a plastic ban.

Australia is one of the largest waste producers in the world, second only to the United States. According to the Australian Cleaning Association, before the implementation of the ban, Australians used an estimated 5 billion plastic bags each year.

India: implemented in 2022

On the day of World Environment Day, the Prime Minister of India announced that it plans to eliminate all single-use plastic products by 2022. India’s second-most populous state, Maharashtra’s “plastic restriction order” came into effect on June 23.

United Kingdom: Implemented in January 2019

British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that it will spare no effort to ban plastics. In addition to imposing taxes on various plastic products, it also plans to eliminate all avoidable plastic waste, including plastic bags, beverage bottles, straws, and most food products by 2042. Packaging bag. In addition to the government, the Queen of England also joined the plastic war and banned the use of plastic straws and bottles from the Royal Estate in February.

Hobart, Australia: implemented in March 2019

Hobart is the first city in Australia to ban the use of single-use plastics. What is banned is not just plastic straws, but any petroleum-based plastic containers, such as disposable cups, straws, tableware, and sauce packaging.

Zimbabwe: Implemented July 2017

Zimbabwe announced a total ban on expanded polystyrene (EPS), a polystyrene foam-like material used in food containers that takes up to one million years to decompose.

Those who violate the ban must pay a fine of 30 to 500 dollars.

Various standards for degradable materials

China GB/T 19277: Under aerobic composting conditions, more than 60% must be converted into CO₂, H₂O, and minerals within 6 months 

American standard ASTM D6400: Under anaerobic conditions, more than 70% of the ingredients need to be biodegraded within 30 days; under aerobic conditions, more than 90% of the ingredients need to be degraded within 180 days

EU standard EN 13432: Under anaerobic conditions, more than 90% of the ingredients need to be degraded within 180 days

British standard PAS 9017: Degraded to a state that does not contain microplastics or nano plastics within two years

Australia AS 4736: Under aerobic composting conditions, more than 90% must be converted into CO₂, H₂O, and minerals within a long period

Can biodegradable bags degrade?

Biodegradable bags are a new type of packaging bag. Many consumers will wonder, can biodegradable bags decompose? How to decompose?

The biodegradable bag is made of PLA+PBAT, which is a bio-based plastic. Bio-based plastics are polymer materials that are directly synthesized from natural substances such as starch or other renewable resources. After use, they can be decomposed into carbon dioxide and water in a specific environment without any toxicity and secondary pollution to the soil.

What is a biodegradable bag

Why use biodegradable bags

Ordinary plastic bags are petrochemical-based plastics. From the perspective of sustainable development, petrochemical resources are limited. Bio-based plastics meet the requirements of sustainable development. Moreover, the entire production process of bio-based plastics is biocatalytic. Will not pollute the environment the polymer produced can be completely decomposed by nature microorganisms. Compared with ordinary plastics, bio-based plastics can reduce the consumption of petroleum resources by 30% to 50%, and reduce CO₂ emissions by 50% to 80%. Using biodegradable bags can not only reduce environmental pollution but also save petroleum resources.

With the promotion of the policy of banning and restricting plastics, the demand for degradable plastics has ushered in rapid growth. In recent years, the number of biodegradable bags and compostable garbage bags has increased significantly.

Which Chinese companies can make degradable bags?

These bags have been proposed as alternatives to traditional plastic bags. Currently, there are not many biodegradable bags in China. Except for those well-known companies, our biodegradable bags are also 100% biodegradable. Nowadays, there are many projects on the market, and conceptual packaging is becoming more and more novel. Many of them are in the name of environmental protection. The bags do not meet the degradation standards. Our biodegradable bags are composed of PLA and PBAT without any plastic added Ingredients, and all products have passed the environmental protection certification of relevant authorities such as Europe (EN13432), the United States (ASTM D6400), REACH, ROSH, etc.

JXD Packaging Bags sincerely look forward to cooperating with you

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